At an extremely abstract level? Kind of, but not really.
The short answer would just be, “no.”
At a more complicated level, a bullet will bleed off some kinetic force, transferring that into the victim as it passes through them. Which will shove them lightly.
Basic Newtonian physics tells us that for each action there’s an equal and opposite reaction. What this means, in this context, is the bullet will strike with the same amount of raw kinetic energy as the shooter experiences in recoil. Which is to say, not much.
Certainly not enough to create the effect you see in film. Bullets are dangerous because of how they deliver their force, not because of how much force they have.